The rules for restoration of lost corners have remained essentially
unchanged since 1883, when they were first published by the Department
of the Interior. Legal precedence for the prime validity of the
original survey dates back to at least 1888, in the Cragin vs. Powell
case. The Supreme Court of the United States sited the following
statement: A resurvey properly considered is but a retracing with
a view to determine and establish lines and boundaries of an original
As a BLM cadastral surveyor, you are responsible only to your supervisor
and ultimately to the Director of the Bureau of Land Management.
This means that your duties will normally be concerned with boundary
issues concerning public lands, those held or managed by the Federal
Government. All other lands fall into the jurisdiction of the state
or local authorities involved. However, both private and public
lands may be resurveyed by the BLM if it is essential to properly
identify lands still under Federal control.